All About Fracking

Fracking in NC – Fracking is the same no matter what state in which it is taking place — this is a short, 6 minute video that does a nice job of describing fracking.

WHAT IS FRACKING?

  • “Relatively new drilling technology – high-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing (fracking) – now makes it possible to reach natural gas reserves that underlie much of the eastern part of Ohio.
  • “Hydraulic fracturing is the use of sand, water, and chemicals injected at high pressures to blast open shale rock and release the trapped gas inside. Horizontal drilling (also called “directional drilling”) is just like it sounds: after the well drill reaches a certain vertical depth in the ground, the well is then drilled horizontally.
  • As with any industrial activity, the development of oil and gas involves risks to air, land, water, wildlife and communities.
  • The oil and gas drilling industry argues that horizontal fracking is safe because it has been around for 40 years, but that is not correct.
  • While the use of hydraulic fracturing to drill vertical wells has been around that long, horizontal drilling combined with hydraulic fracturing is very new.”

Read more From the Ohio Environmental Council http://www.theoec.org/Fracking?gclid=CIvl9ou41MACFQxp7AodiEwAzQ


FRACKING: THE DANGERS  – 
source: Clean Water Actionhttp://www.cleanwateraction.org/page/fracking-dangers

Fracking uses a toxic chemical cocktail known as fracking fluid.

  • Companies using fracking fluid have resisted disclosing the contents of fracking fluid, claiming the information is proprietary. However, samples from well sites indicate that the fluid contains: formaldehyde, acetic acids, citric acids, and boric acids, among hundreds of other contaminants.
  • It has recently come to light that, despite the illegality of the action, companies have been caught using diesel fuel in the fracking fluid.

Fracking removes millions of gallons of precious freshwater from the water cycle.

  • Each well uses between two and five million gallons of locally-sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated by ground contaminants and toxic chemicals contained in the fracking fluid.
  • About half of this water returns to the surface, where it is stored in steel containers until it can be injected deep underground in oil and gas waste wells.
  • No one is entirely sure what happens to the other half of the water used in the process. Our best guess is that the water remains underground, though there are indications that at least some of this toxic cocktail makes its way back into the water supply.

Fracking causes a range of environmental problems.

  • At least eight other states have reported surface, ground, and drinking water contamination due to fracking.
  • In Pennsylvania, over 1,400 environmental violations have been attributed to deep gas wells utilizing fracking practices.
  • Pollution from truck traffic, chemical contamination around storage tanks, and habitat fragmentation and damage from drilling to environmentally sensitive areas have are all related to fracking.

The rapid expansion of natural gas drilling across the nation endangers human health and the environment. Source: http://www.nrdc.org/energy/gasdrilling/

 

UNFRACKTURED:  JOINING TOGETHER TO FIGHT FRACKING, From Earth Justice Source: http://earthjustice.org/advocacy-campaigns/unfracktured?gclid=CNGGhvG41MACFc1_MgodN3oAzQ

What do you do when the oil and gas industry forces its way into your community, threatening your health, your way of life, your future? Join together. Fight back.  This is a great piece to read.  Cut off the head of the snake.  To stop the pipelines, stop the fracking!

 

WHAT GOES IN AND OUT OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

This provides a great graphic presentation and explanation of the process of fracking and the consequences to all of us.  http://www.dangersoffracking.com/

 

RISKY GAS DRILLING THREATENS HEALTH, WATER SUPPLIES.  The Rapid Expansion of natural gas drilling across the nation endangers human health and the environment. (source: Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)) http://www.nrdc.org/energy/gasdrilling/

“The oil and gas industry is seeking to expand natural gas production across the nation, as new technology makes it easier to extract gas from previously inaccessible sites. Over the last decade, the industry has drilled thousands of new wells in the Rocky Mountain region and in the South. It is expanding operations in the eastern United States as well, setting its sights most recently on a 600-mile-long rock formation called the Marcellus Shale, which stretches from West Virginia to western New York.

Nearly all natural gas extraction today involves a technique called hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, in which dangerous chemicals are mixed with large quantities of water and sand and injected into wells at extremely high pressure. Fracking is a suspect in polluted drinking water in Arkansas, Colorado, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia and Wyoming, where residents have reported changes in water quality or quantity following fracturing operations.

NRDC opposes expanded fracking until effective safeguards are in place.”

FRACKING DANGERS: 7 UGLY REASONS WHY WILDERNESS LOVERS SHOULD BE WORRIED – (source: the Wilderness Society)

“Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is a technique used by the oil and gas industry to extract natural gas from rock thousands of feet underground. The fracking process includes pumping millions of gallons of water, sand and toxic chemicals (including carcinogens) underground.

Evidence suggests that this risky process affects the water we drink, air we breathe, food we eat and climate we rely on for comfort. And like all oil and gas efforts, it endangers the wild places we love dearly. See the ugly evidence”  http://wilderness.org/blog/fracking-dangers-7-ugly-reasons-why-wilderness-lovers-should-be-worried

 

FOOD SUPPLY DANGERS FROM FRACKING – FRACKING AND FARMING DON’T MIX (source: Catskill Mountainkeeper)

Much of the land sitting on top of the giant underground Marcellus shale field between West Virginia and New York State that is targeted for gas drilling using hydrofracking is active
farmland.  Fracking this land has the potential to disrupt farming productivity, endanger livestock health and affect produce and livestock quality.  It presents a huge danger to our food supply. Read about some of the many reasons why fracking and farming are incompatible at http://www.catskillmountainkeeper.org/our-programs/fracking/whats-wrong-with-fracking-2/farming-and-fracking/

 

POTENTIAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF HYDROFRACKING (source: Geology and Human Health, Montana State University)

This is a great read filled with a tremendous amount of information and explanation of the harmful health consequences to Fracking.

  •  “Hydrofracking is a controversial oil and gas extraction technique developed in the late 1940s to gain access to fossil energy deposits previously inaccessible to drilling operations. The process, “hydraulic fracturing”, literally involves the smashing of rock with millions of gallons of water–along with sand and a undisclosed assortment of chemicals in order to bring gas to the surface.
  • The 2005 Energy Policy Act exempted fracking from the Safe Drinking Water Act–this regulatory exclusion is often referred to as the “Halliburton Loophole.”
  • Montana fracking is still in the early stages of development compared to other states and has been described by a Texas oil company as “the best kept secret in oil and gas.”

Read more – http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/health/case_studies/hydrofracking_w.html