Useful Resources & References

  1. Virginia Chapter of the Sierra Club – Fracking,
  2. “2010 Virginia Energy Plan, Section 5 – Natural Gas,” Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy, 2010, (last checked December 27, 2012)
  3. “Applications Received by DOE/FE to Export Domestically Produced LNG from the Lower-48 States (as of April 2, 2013),” Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy, (last checked July 13, 2013)
  4. “Are natural gas pipelines in Hampton Roads safe?,” The Virginian-Pilot, September 18, 2010,; Fang-Yu Liang, Marta Ryvak, Sara Sayeed, Nick Zhao,
  5. “Atlantic Coast Pipeline,” Dominion,; “$5B natural gas pipeline may run through Virginia,” The Virginian-Pilot, September 3, 2014, (last checked September 3, 2014.
  6. “Boon or bust? Proposed Mountain Valley Pipeline might spur jobs — but at what cost?,” The Roanoke Times, September 21, 2014, (last checked September 21, 2014)
  7. “Chemical And Gas Suppliers Battle Over LNG Exports,” Chemical and Engineering News, March 11, 2013,;
  8. “Chemical And Gas Suppliers Battle Over LNG Exports,” Chemical and Engineering News, March 11, 2013,, (last checked July 13, 2013)
  9. “Dominion Generation,” Dominion Resources,; “Group rallies opposition to gas pipeline through Floyd County,” The Roanoke Times, August 15, 2014,;
  10. “Dominion Resources’ Cove Point LNG export project: Right place, right time,” Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 10, 2013, (last checked July 11, 2013)
  11. “DOT Proposes Fine for Williams-Transco Following Rural Virginia Accident,” US Department of Transportation, August 10, 2009, (last checked December 29, 2012)
  12. “Drilling Through Water,” North American Oil & Gas Pipelines, September 2009,;
  13. “Duke Energy delays construction of Wythe County plant,” The Roanoke Times, August 8, 2003, republished in safepipelines Yahoo discussion group,;
  14. “Facilities Proposed in Maryland and Virginia,” Cove Point Liquefaction Project Update, June 2013, p.2, (last checked July 13, 2013)
  15. “Fulton gas works,” History Replays Today blog, March 9, 2012, (last checked December 29, 2012)
  16. “Hampton Roads Crossing Pipeline,” Virginia Natural Gas,;
  17. “History of Cove Point,” Dominion Resourses,; “Dominion Cove Point LNG,” Dominion Resources, (last checked July 11, 2013)
  18. “Homeowners,” (Miss Utility of Virginia), (last checked April 29, 2013)
  19. “Missouri gas company proposes gas terminal in Roanoke,” The Roanoke Times, July 11, 2013,;
  20. “Modern Shale Gas Development in the United States: A Primer,” US Department of Energy, April 2009, pp.14-15, (last checked August 2, 2013)
  21. “Natural gas pipeline plan riles Floyd County,” The Roanoke Times, August 13, 2014,;
  22. “Natural gas pipeline through 5 Virginia counties is considered,” The Roanoke Times, May 27, 2014,;
  23. “Natural Gas Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production and Its Transportation to Market,” Energy Information Administration, January 2006, (last checked December 29, 2012)
  24. “Neighbors in Roanoke concerned about proposed propane and butane terminal,” The Roanoke Times, August 1, 2013, (last checked August 1, 2013)
  25. “Pipeline Battle,” Winston-Salem Journal, January 20, 2003, republished by Duke Energy Employee Advocate,;
  26. “Pipeline Plunges under Park, Reservoir,” Connection Newspapers, August 10, 2004, checked December 27, 2012)
  27. “Possum Point Power Station,” Dominion Resources, (last checked July 13, 2013)
  28. “Saltville Gas Storage Company Begins Operations in Southwest Virginia,” PR Newswire, August 27, 2003, (last checked December 25, 2012)
  29. “Saltville Helped Turn Abandoned Caverns Into Much-needed Jobs,” International City/County Management Association, 2003,;
  30. “Shell, El Paso Pipeline Partners plan LNG export facility,” Fuel Fix, January 28, 2013, (last checked February 14, 2014)
  31. “The role of natural gas as a primary fuel in the near future, including comparisons of acquisition, transmission and waste handling costs of as with competitive alternatives,” Chemistry Central Journal, Volume 6, Supplement 1 (2012), (last checked December 27, 2012)
  32. “Unpacking Health Hazards in Fracking’s Chemical Cocktail”
  33. “US Production of Manufactured Gases,” US Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/600/2-88/0-12, February 1988,\zyfiles\Index%20Data\86thru90\Txt\00000015\20012O71.txt&User=ANONYMOUS&Password=anonymous&SortMethod=h|-&MaximumDocuments=1&FuzzyDegree=0&ImageQuality=r75g8/r75g8/x150y150g16/i425&Display=p|f&DefSeekPage=x&SearchBack=ZyActionL&Back=ZyActionS&BackDesc=Results%20page&MaximumPages=1&ZyEntry=1&SeekPage=x&ZyPURL; “Natural Gas,” Danville, Virginia website, (last checked December 28, 2012)
  34. “Utility contractor accused of numerous violations,” The Virginian-Pilot, April 29, 2013, (last checked April 29, 2013)
  35. “Virginia Incident and Mileage Overview – Pipeline Mileage,” Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration,;
  36. (Source: Two pipeline projects poised to ship gas to the South, PowerSource, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, By Stephanie Ritenbaugh, Septermber 3, 2014.
  37. Aging gas pipes pose explosion danger, by Daniel P. Finney and Jefferey C. Kummer, TheDes Moines Register, 23 Septermber 2014.
  38. Allen W. Hatheway, “Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the U.S.,” Internet Website on Former Manufactured Gas Plants,;
  39. Analysis of Chemicals Used in Natural Gas Production: Colorado, Theo Colborn, PhD, February 6, 2008
  40. Calculations based on water withdrawal rates by companies operating in Pennsylvania. Susquehanna River Basin Commission, Bucknell University, September 11, 2008 )
  41. Christopher James Castaneda, Regulated Enterprise: Natural Gas Pipelines and Northeastern Markets, 1938–1954, Ohio State University, 1993, p.68, p.83, p.142, (last checked November 1, 2013)
  42. Columbia University, Information Sheet on Eminent Domain.
  43. Columbia University, Information Sheet on Eminent Domain. )
  44. Consent Decree, United States District Court Eastern District Of Virginia, undated, (last checked July 13, 2013)
  45. Drilling 101,,
  46. FERC Citizen’s Guide for An Interstate Natural Gas Facility on My Land, August 2013
  47. Fire at the Harrison County Compressor station,
  48. Gasland The Movie
  49. Hydraulic Fracturing 101, Earth Works
  50. Hydraulic Fracturing: What is Hydraulic Fracturing, ProPublica, Journalism in the Public Interest
  51. LNG Export Study, Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy,;
  52. Marcellus Shale Coalition
  53. Pipeline Explosion Kills 10 Campers in N.M., ABC News, 20 August 2014
  54. Post by Mara Eve Robbins
  55. Potential Health and Environmental Effects of Hydrofracking in the Williston Basin, Montana, by Joe Hoffman, Geology and Human Health,
  56. Proposed Marcellus gas pipeline would run through Lancaster, Lancaster Online, Posted: Friday, February 21, 2014 5:27 pm Updated: 8:40 pm, Sat Feb 22, 2014, by Tim Stuhldreher, Business Writer.
  57. Safety First, Fracking Second, Scientific American, by the Editors, 12 October, 2011
  58. San Bruno Explosion, CBS SF Bay Area, 19 September 20114  and Gas Pipeline Blowout Photos,
  59. Source: Company fined in Appomattox pipeline explosion, by The Lynchburg News & Advance, posted 11 August 2009 by WSLS
  60. Susquehanna gas compressor station,
  61. The popping of the Shale Gas Bubble, by Bill Powers, Contributor, Forbes, 3 September 2014
  62. The proposed nearly $3 billion Atlantic Sunrise Project upgrade to the Transco natural gas pipeline, Pipeline & Gas Journal, April 2014, Vol. 241 No. 4.
  63. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  64. Virginia Eminent Domain Amendment, Question 1 (2012), BALLOTPEDIA,,_Question_1_(2012)
  65. Virginia Eminent Domain Amendment, Question 1 (2012), BALLOTPEDIA,,_Question_1_(2012)
  66. What goes in and out of Hydraulic Fracturing
  67. Williams Partners’ Transco shale gas pipeline expansion fully subscribed, April 21, 2014, By PennEnergy Editorial Staff, Williams Partners L.P.
  68. Williams Partners’ Transco shale gas pipeline expansion fully subscribed, April 21, 2014, By PennEnergy Editorial Staff, Williams Partners L.P. )
  69. Williams Partners, Landowner Information, Easement Restrictions
  70. Williams’ Transco Plans $2.1 Billion Atlantic Sunrise Expansion Project, Pipeline & Gas Journal, April 2014, Vol. 241 No. 4